Report: APP CMHS Project 4




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6.3.6. Disaster Recovery System

Mine disaster emergency rescue plan (DERP) is the process required to manage the occurrence of a mine disaster. There are four required levels of DERP, national government DERP, provincial government DERP, local government DERP and company DERP. The plan is required for every coal mining company in China, again as specified in Mine Safety Act 1992 and Coal Mine Safety Regulation.

Mine disaster is classified into four categories (I, II, III and IV) in the Chinese coal mines:

  • Class I if the number of fatalities is 30 and over, or the number of seriously injured or poisoned people is over 100, or economic loss is over RMB 100,000,000.

  • Class II if the number of fatalities is between 10 and 29, or the number of seriously injured or poisoned people is between 50 and 100, or economic loss is between RMB 50,000,000 and RMB 100,000,000, or the disaster has a very significant social impact.

  • Class III if the number of fatalities is between 3 and 9, or the number of seriously injured or poisoned people is between 30 and 50, or economic loss is relatively large, or the disaster has a considerable social impact.

  • Class IV if the number of fatalities is between 1 and 3, or the number of seriously injured or poisoned people is less than 30, or the disaster has some social impact.

In the case of a Class I disaster, a national DERP is trigged and State Administration of Work Safety (SAWS) will manage the disaster response. The National Mine Rescue Command Centre will provide nationally coordinated rescue. For a Class II disaster, a provincial governmental DERP is trigged and Provincial Administration of Work Safety will manage the disaster response. In case of a Class III and IV disaster, local governmental DERP and company DERP are trigged and local Administration of Work Safety and company will manage the disaster response.


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