Report: APP CMHS Project 4




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2. Hazard Identification and Risk Management by Country

2. Hazard Identification and Risk Management by Country

Hazard identification and risk management is the process by which mines and mine management identify relevant site hazards, determine controls and implement those controls in order to maintain an acceptable level of risk.

Formal risk assessment has a longer history in industries other than mining. For example, the petrochemical, nuclear, military, aviation and space industries have applied various formal risk assessment techniques for over 30 years.

This proactive approach to improving risk mitigation controls, as opposed to a reactive “fix-it-when-it-breaks” mentality, was in most cases triggered by a major public disaster such as the Flixborough chemical plant disaster (1973), the Three Mile Island nuclear plant event (1979) and the Piper Alpha North Sea Oil Platform explosion (1988).

Techniques range from simple, intuitive brainstorming style exercises through to fully facilitated, disciplined process reviews using formalised interrogative questioning techniques. Whatever the technique utilised, it is imperative that participants understand and participate in the process to the best of their ability and even more importantly that the risk mitigation controls are actually implemented and maintained. The process must be used as an experiential, investigative mechanism rather than the all-too-often pre-meditated result to an awkward set of problems.

This chapter describes the hazard identification and risk management system in APP countries to set the scene for future work in improving coal mine safety from a cooperative standpoint. The terms and definitions used in this project are listed in Appendix B.


2. Hazard Identification and Risk Management by Country

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APPgate is a collaborative effort of many of the coal producing nations of the Asia Pacific Region:


Australia


Canada


China


India


Japan


Republic of Korea


USA

 


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