Report: APP CMHS Project 1

CSIRO advises that the information contained in this comprises general statements based on scientific research. The reader is advised and needs to be aware that such information may be incomplete or unable to be used in any specific situation. No reliance or actions must therefore be made on that information without seeking prior expert professional, scientific and technical advice. To the extent permitted by law, CSIRO (including its employees and consultants) excludes all liability to any person for any consequences, including but not limited to all losses, damages, costs, expenses and any other compensation, arising directly or indirectly from using this publication (in part or in whole) and any information or material contained in it.

4.2.4. U.S.A

U.S. underground coal mining operations produced 360 Million short tonnes of coal from about 600 mines in 2008. Through continuous improvements in safety management and technologies, the safety record of the industry has been significantly improved over the last 30 years. The fatalities had been dropped from 133 in 1980 to 30 in 2008.

Leading safety technologies include:

  • advancements in explosion prevention and control, in particular the development of dust explosibility meters

  • monitoring and prevention of respirable dust, including dust samplers, operation strategies and various control devices

  • ergonomics

  • control of diesel exhaust particulates.

Critical needs for future development include the development and implementation of a risk based approach to all facets of mining operations and throughout the entire industry. In addition, there are strong technological requirements for mining ground control (particularly in deep mining), monitoring of the atmosphere in inaccessible underground areas such as goaf, and proactive approach to spontaneous combustion management.

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