Report: APP CMHS Project 1

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4.2.3. India

There are relatively few underground coal mines in India in perspective to the size of the coal industry. Most of the underground mines use Bord and Pillar methods with minimal mechanisation. There are only a few longwall operations with relatively low productivity.

Leading safety technologies include:

  • characterisation of spontaneous combustion

  • strata characterisation and support methods such as Rock Mass Rating (RMR).

Critical needs for future underground coal mines include the development and implementation of a risk based approach to all facets of mining operations and throughout the entire industry, and application of the advanced safety technologies from other coal mining nations and mechanisation and automation of mining operations.

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