Report: APP CMHS Project 1

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3.3.1. Safety and Health Management

Safety Management

The coal mine safety management is governed by a number of government acts and regulations, including mainly “Coal Act”, “Mine Safety Act”, “Safe Production Act” and “Coal Mine Safety Supervisory Regulation”. The main points of the Acts and Regulations in relation to coal mine safety include:

  • coal mines have to comply with the relevant safe production Acts, Regulations, Guidelines and Standards

  • coal mines have to establish an all-level leadership responsibility system of safe production, a functional organisation responsibility system of safe production, and a personnel responsibility system of safe production

  • coal mines should establish systems for safety management, safety reward and punishment, an authorisation system for technological safety measures, safety inspection, and plan for safety meetings

  • coal mines must establish a safe production organisation with dedicated staff and necessary equipment allocated

  • safety work in coal mines must be placed under the supervision of the mine workers. Coal mines must support the safety supervision activities of the workers and demonstrate the importance of the safety supervision to workers

  • coal mines must organise safety training for their workforce. Untrained workers are not allowed to take up their positions

  • mine mangers must possess professional safety knowledge and the ability to lead safe production and manage mine accidents. The mine managers must obtain qualification certificates for safety management. Workers performing specialised jobs must obtain qualification certificates relevant to the jobs

  • safe production products used in coal mines must be certified to be “coal mine safe” products and marked with “MA” signs (“MA” stands for mine safe). The products without “MA” signs are not allowed to be used in coal mines

  • coal mines have to draw up an annual plan for hazard prevention and control and accident management. The plan must be implemented by mine managers. A coal mine must conduct mine rescue exercises at least once per year.

In addition, dedicated safety management organisations are set up in government departments and coal mining companies to manage and supervise the implementation of the relevant safety Acts and Regulations. A simplified organisational structure of the coal mine safe production supervision is shown in Figure 29.

Figure 29 An organisational structure of the coal mine safe production supervision in China

The State Administration of Coal Mine Safety (SACMS) reports to the State Council and has more than 50 regional offices in China. These offices are responsible for the direct safety inspection of coal mines in China and report directly to the SACMS and not to local governments. This ensures the independence of coal mine safety inspection and monitoring. The SACMS is authorised to inspect any site in any coal mine at any time.

A safety supervision bureau is set up in a coal mining company. A coal mine safety office in the bureau has dedicated staff to inspect the implementation of the relevant safety Acts, Regulations, measures and guidelines. A mine manager is ultimately responsible for the safety of the mine; a panel manager is responsible for the safety of the panel.

Health Management

Occupational health management in coal mines are governed by the “Coal Mine Safety Regulation” and “Occupational Disease Prevention Act”. The main points of the Act and Regulation in relation to the occupational health management in coal mines are briefly described below.

  • Coal mines should organise and pay for a comprehensive health check of their workers before their employment commences in the mines, during their employment, and after they leave the mines. The health check should be undertaken in hospitals and clinics endorsed by provincial governments.

  • Coal mines should keep records of the occupational health of their workforce. The records should be given to the workers when they leave the mines.

  • Dust levels in working places should meet the requirements listed in Figure 30.

Figure 30 Maximum allowable dust levels in underground workings in China

Free SiO2 in dust


Maximum Allowable Level(mg/m3

Total Dust

Respiratory Dust













  • Coal mines must undertake dust motoring as follows:

  • total dust: twice per month at underground workings, once per month at surface workings

  • respiratory dust: once every three months at underground workings such as mining and development faces, one every six months at other workings.

  • To reduce the dust exposure and fatigue of workers, workers in development and mining faces in many Chinese coal mines are working on a six hour shift.

The coal mine safety and health management is currently governed by a number of government Acts and Regulations. This practice is prescriptive and compulsory. Further improvements can be achieved if a risk-based safety and health management can be developed and incorporated into the current practice.

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