Report: APP CMHS Project 1




CSIRO advises that the information contained in this comprises general statements based on scientific research. The reader is advised and needs to be aware that such information may be incomplete or unable to be used in any specific situation. No reliance or actions must therefore be made on that information without seeking prior expert professional, scientific and technical advice. To the extent permitted by law, CSIRO (including its employees and consultants) excludes all liability to any person for any consequences, including but not limited to all losses, damages, costs, expenses and any other compensation, arising directly or indirectly from using this publication (in part or in whole) and any information or material contained in it.



3.1. Australia


3.1.1. Safety and Health Management

Safety and health in Australian coal mines is regulated by State based legislation. This may be in the form of overarching occupational health and safety legislation that either incorporates coal ... Read more.

3.1.2. Explosion Control

Current Technologies Explosions are the result of a number of sources; explosives, gas ignition from sources such as hot work, electrical sparking or frictional ignition, and dust-cloud ignition. In ... Read more.

3.1.3. Gas Monitoring and Control

Gas Monitoring Gas monitoring is a common thread across a number of the high risk occurrences in underground coal mining. It also plays a role in the prediction and prevention of such events. ... Read more.

3.1.4. Directional Drilling

Australian high production coal mines deal with gas problems on the whole firstly by increasing ventilation quantities as this is the most easily instigated and most cost effective means for gas ... Read more.

3.1.5. Surface to In-seam Drilling

Surface to inseam (SIS) drilling is utilised for two different purposes: pre-drainage of the seam with extended lead time, where there is good surface access; and post drainage of longwall ... Read more.

3.1.6. Outburst Control

Current Technologies Outbursts of coal and gas have resulted in fatalities in Australian coal mining operations, predominantly due to asphyxiation from high gas levels or severity of the resultant ... Read more.

3.1.7. Spontaneous Combustion Control

Current Technologies Spontaneous combustion is similarly addressed through prevention, detection and extinguishment, if possible. Prevention of spontaneous combustion is dependent on an appreciation ... Read more.

3.1.8. Fire Control

Current Technologies Fire is a similar, though slightly lesser phenomenon to explosion, with many analogous causes and controls. Fire control is divided fairly simplistically into three criteria ... Read more.

3.1.9. Water Control

Current Technologies Two main inrush sources exist in Australian underground coal mines: inrush from mining under water bodies such as lakes, creeks, sea, etc. and inrush from mining adjacent flooded ... Read more.

3.1.10. Strata Control

Current Technologies Typical mine strata control management process in the Australian underground coal mines includes the following major components: detailed site-specific geological and ... Read more.

3.1.11. Mine Communication

Current Technologies A comprehensive survey of underground coal mine communication has been published in September 2009 by Australian Longwall Magazine. Many of the Australian technologies have been ... Read more.

3.1.12. Heat, Respirable Dust, Vibration, Noise and Fatigue

Heat control Two controls for heat in underground coal mines are adequate ventilation and in hotter underground environments, the installation of air conditioning plants. In general, these controls ... Read more.

3.1.13. Longwall Automation

Current Technologies Significant advances have been made in the automation of longwall equipment such that it is possible to run the face almost entirely automatically. This typically comprises ... Read more.

3.1.14. Automation of Development Mining

The automation of development mining processes is more complex than that of Longwall mining. As the process relies on four separate and distinct phases – cutting, supporting, ventilating and ... Read more.

3.1.15. Emergency Management

Current Technologies Most of the preceding technology is appropriately focussed on eliminating or reducing the severity of underground coal mining hazards. However, in the event that the hazard ... Read more.

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